Mudassir Iqbal

Value engineering is a systematic approach to improving the value of a product, system, or service by identifying and eliminating unnecessary costs without sacrificing functionality.

Value engineering can be applied to a wide range of projects, from new product development to facility renovations. It can be used to reduce costs, improve quality, or shorten delivery times.

How to Apply Value Engineering

The process typically follows these steps:

  1. Define the project scope and objectives: This step involves gathering relevant information about the product or process under review
  2. Identify the essential functions of the product or service: The project is then carefully analyzed to identify areas where improvements can be made
  3. Brainstorm alternative methods and materials: A team of experts, including engineers, designers, and other stakeholders, come together to brainstorm and generate ideas for enhancing value.
  4. Evaluate the alternatives and select the most cost-effective solution: The generated ideas are evaluated based on criteria such as cost, performance, feasibility, and potential benefits
  5. Implement the solution and monitor the results: The selected ideas are implemented through design changes, process improvements, or other appropriate action
  6. Monitoring and review: This allows for continuous improvement and refinement of the product or process

It is a team-based process that involves identifying the essential functions of a product or service, evaluating alternative methods and materials, and selecting the most cost-effective solution.

Benefits of VA

Value engineering encourages using alternative methods and materials that are less expensive and do not lower the functionality of the system, service, or product.

  1. Reduced Cost
  2. Improved quality
  3. Shorter delivery times
  4. Increased Customer services

How it all started!

The concept of value engineering started in the 1940s at General Electric Co. This was during the Second World War when there was a shortage of raw materials, component parts, and skilled labour.

Value Engineering vs. Value Analysis

While VE is typically employed before a product is manufactured, VA is used to evaluate an existing product. Frequently, the objective of value analysis is to evaluate an existing set of costs and benefits with the aim of enhancing its value.

Value engineering occurs beforehand to prevent value loss, whereas value analysis occurs post-factum and can be used to correct product defects. Value engineering is typically utilised in the manufacturing sector, whereas value analysis may be utilised more frequently in the business or sales division.

FeatureValue EngineeringValue Analysis
PurposeTo identify and eliminate unnecessary costs before a product or service is developedTo identify and eliminate unnecessary costs after a product or service has been developed
TimingConducted during the design phaseConducted after the product or service has been developed
FocusOn preventing value lossOn remediating value loss
TeamCross-functional teamTeam of engineers and designers
ProcessMore structured and formalLess structured and formal
BenefitsCan save money, improve quality, and shorten delivery timesCan save money and improve quality

Example of Value Engineering

A customer may ask the manufacturer to construct the joint between two system components. The initial design may amount to a bolt-on solution accomplished by extending mating flanges to the existing components to attach the parts.

Engineers could run this step through a VE analysis before launch to consider redesigning a more integrated joint, using less material, and potentially recommending a different manufacturing technique to incorporate joints into a single component.

In summary, It involves analyzing and identifying opportunities for cost reduction, performance improvement, and overall optimization while maintaining or enhancing the desired functionality and quality.

VA/VE is not just about cost reduction. Engineers can improve a product’s function or quality profile or enhance profitability to uncover funding for capital or other investment projects. Whether the team is analyzing an initial design to optimize the year-one profitability or collaborating on a production part, it is essential to engage the team efficiently to empower them to generate high-quality ideas quickly.

Further Reading

Value Engineering – Overview, History, Steps, and Examples (

Thanks to Bard and ChatGPT

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